Veterans Affairs Disability System, PTSD, and the Five-Year Rule


Understanding the complexities of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability system can be a daunting task for many veterans. Chief among these systems is VA benefits related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), a condition that affects a significant number of veterans. The VA has set regulations for a PTSD VA claim, and one of the most notable is the so-called “Five-Year Rule”. This rule, though often misunderstood, plays an essential role in how the VA evaluates a VA disability claim for PTSD.

Understanding the VA 5-Year Rule

The Five-Year Rule referenced by the VA disability benefit system pertains to the ongoing re-evaluation of theoretically non-permanent mental and physical conditions. In essence, according to the Five-Year Rule, if a veteran’s disability remains “unchanged” through continuous rating periods of five or more years, the VA may not reduce the veteran’s VA disability rating unless medical evidence demonstrates material improvement in physical or mental health.

The purpose of the Five-Year Rule is to ensure that veterans’ disability ratings reflect their true health status and ability to function in everyday life, minimizing potential reduction in VA benefits due to temporary fluctuations. This rule plays a significant role during the VA claim evaluation process and could mean the difference between a rating reduction and maintaining current VA disability benefits. 

Linking VA 5-year Rule and PTSD

PTSD is one of the most common conditions claimed by veterans seeking disability compensation. The unpredictable and often chronic nature of PTSD, however, poses unique challenges when determining veterans’ disability ratings. This makes understanding the implications of the Five-Year Rule critical for veterans living with PTSD.

When a disabled veteran submits a VA disability claim for post traumatic stress disorder, the VA first examines the severity and the frequency of symptoms, correlating it to a disability rating. If the veteran’s PTSD is found to be unchanged for five or more years, the Five-Year Rule comes into play, providing a measure of stability in their VA benefit unless there is clear proof of substantial improvement.

There have been numerous cases where veterans’ PTSD ratings were threatened with reduction during routine re-evaluations. However, due to the provision of the 5-Year Rule, the VA could not change the rating unless there was sufficient proof of symptom abatement, ensuring that veterans were not inaccurately rated based on short-term changes.

Tips on Filing for VA Disability Benefits with PTSD

When preparing a PTSD claim, veterans should first gather all necessary documents, including medical records, service records, and any documentation of stressful events experienced during military service. It is sometimes beneficial to present a well-crafted narrative that explicitly links these traumatic experiences to ongoing impairment affecting daily functioning.

Another critical stage in securing disability compensation is successfully navigating the Compensation & Pension (C&P) Exam. Veterans should be honest, detailed, and consistent in reporting their symptoms. Consistently ranked PTSD severity can positively impact a PTSD claim’s outcome, given the weight the Five-Year Rule places on the stability of symptoms.

The Impact of Re-evaluations and Changes in PTSD Status

While any permanent disability rating is subject to review, changes in PTSD status can be particularly consequential due to PTSD’s often fluctuating nature. An improvement in symptoms could lead to a reduction in disability rating under the Five-Year Rule, while a deterioration might warrant an increase.

The rule institutes a measure of protection for veterans, requiring compelling medical evidence before PTSD disability ratings are adjusted. Any changes, furthermore, will need to indicate sustained improvements or deteriorations over time, rather than mere short-term fluctuations.

Navigating Obstacles: PTSD and the VA 5-Year Rule

There are various obstacles that veterans with PTSD face when engaging with the VA and Five-Year Rule. Unexpected rating reductions, complex rating procedures, and challenging appeals processes can all be burdensome, particularly for veterans already dealing with the stress of living with PTSD.

If a veteran disagrees with their rating decision or faces a claim denial, they can file an appeal. This process can be intricate, so it’s crucial to seek expert advice. Veterans Service Organizations (VSOs) or legal professionals can offer crucial guidance and support through this process.


Understanding the implications of the Five-Year Rule for veterans with PTSD is essential for anyone traversing the VA disability system. The difference between the continuation of benefits and potential reduction or loss can often hinge on comprehension of this crucial rule. Ultimately, success in navigating this process depends largely on effective preparation, ongoing support, and diligent self-advocacy.

Get More Done Together With US
Our SSDI Experts Will Lead The Way